As a cofounder of both Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel, Gordon Moore set the pace and standards for Silicon Valley's chip manufacturing methods.
Born in San Francisco, Moore received a Ph.D. from Cal Tech in 1954. He joined Shockley Semiconductor in 1956 but left with the "Fairchild Eight" in 1957 to form Fairchild Semiconductor, where he was director of research. In 1968, Moore became a cofounder of Intel, then president and CEO, then chairman until his retirement in 1997. Moore remains chairman emeritus of Intel and principal sponsor of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, dedicated to global environmental conservation and scientific research, and quality of life in the San Francisco Bay Area. He is the recipient of many honors and awards, including the National Medal of Technology and the U.S. Medal of Freedom.