Born Dec 26 1899 - Died Aug 11 1964
Patent Number(s) 1,997,493
Leopold Mannes and Leopold Godowsky, Jr., professional musicians, revolutionized
color photography by inventing Kodachrome color film. They created a
practical film for color photography, and its ease of use and exceptional
quality appealed to both amateurs and professionals. The introduction
of Kodachrome still and movie film triggered a cultural phenomenon by
unleashing a flood of high-quality color images.
In 1936, Kodachrome film was introduced. The availability of a robust,
practical color film triggered a cultural, artistic and commercial revolution
as amateur and professional photographers embraced the new technology
which was used for both still and motion picture photography.
Mannes and Leopold Godowsky, Jr. met as teenagers. Both were fascinated
by the popular Brownie cameras, and both longed for a way to take color
photographs, experimenting with the process.
Mannes went on to study music at Harvard and earned a Pulitzer and
a Guggenheim fellowship for composition. But even after he and Godowsky
became musicians, they continued their photographic collaboration. Their
search for financial support led them to Eastman Kodak, where they were
hired and assigned a team of researchers. While working in darkness,
Godowsky and Mannes measured film developing times by whistling the
last movement of Brahms' C-minor Symphony.
Mannes remained in music after inventing Kodachrome, performing as
a pianist and composing several musical scores. He served as president
of the Mannes College of Music founded by his parents, and he served
as a judge in music competitions, including the first Van Cliburn International
Piano Competition. Born in New York City, he studied music at Juilliard