Bosch transformed global agriculture by advancing the Haber process
for producing ammonia, making it commercially practical to produce
large quantities of the compound. The Haber-Bosch process remains
an industry standard for the mass production of ammonia used for
principles from Fritz Haber's discovery, Bosch devised a method
for separating large quantities of hydrogen from a hydrogen-carbon
monoxide mixture. In 1909, under Bosch's leadership, BASF acquired
the patent rights for Fritz Haber's ammonia process and began
developing the equipment and refining the process needed for mass
years later, BASF started producing commercial quantities of ammonia.
During World War I, BASF expanded its production facilities, and
by 1918 Germany was generating more than 200,000 tons of synthetic
ammonia annually for use in fertilizers and explosives.
was born in Cologne, Germany. He studied chemical engineering
at the Technical University in Charlottenburg, Germany before
receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Leipzig in 1898. Bosch
won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1931 for his integral part
in establishing the ammonia industry.
Vinton G. Cerf
Robert E. Kahn
Robert W. Gore
Richard M. Hoe
John H. Thomas