Obtainable from the Mammalian Pancreas or from the Related Glands
in Fishes, Useful in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, and a
Method of Preparing It
(Insulin for diabetics)
of diabetics owe their lives to Frederick Banting's idea and research.
Working with fellow Canadians Charles Best and James Collip, Banting
determined that insulin was the key to treating diabetes. After
discovering that the absence of insulin is a the main factor in
diabetes, they determined that injections of insulin might keep
diabetics alive and developed techniques for extracting, isolating,
and administering it.
was born near Alliston, Ontario and received a bachelor of medicine
degree from the University of Toronto in 1916. He served as a
military surgeon for the next two years in England and France,
where he sustained serious shrapnel wounds. He returned to Canada,
establishing a surgical practice in London, Ontario, and served
as a medical demonstrator at the University of Western Ontario.
Stimulated to research by the death of a childhood friend to diabetes,
he conceived a technique to isolate the anti-diabetic component
of the pancreas. He returned to the University of Toronto in 1921
to conduct experiments on the pancreas.
1923, Banting was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
He was knighted by King George V in 1934 and was elected a Fellow
of the American College of Physicians and an honorary member of
the Royal College of Surgeons and the Royal College of Physicians.