Own the Harvest
Farmers need pesticides to protect growing crops. But at harvest time, pesticides are a problem. Regulations impose strict waiting periods between pesticide application and harvest, up to 66 days. AgroSpheres are engineered biological particles that degrade residual pesticides on the surface of plants, allowing crops to be safely harvested after just a few hours. This helps farmers avoid crop loss due to unforeseen weather events and at the same time saves the environment from additional pesticides.
Lighting the Fight Against Infection
Central line catheters provide a direct way to deliver medicines, fluids, or nutrients to patients over an extended period of time, often weeks or months. However, these catheters also make it easier for bacteria to enter the body and are responsible for 240,000 infections every year. Cathecare uses ultraviolet light to continually and automatically sterilize the hub, the most-handled portion of the catheter and the most susceptible to bacterial growth, stopping infections in their tracks.
Cancer Knocked Out Cold
Breast cancer rates are rising in low- and middle-income countries, but access to treatment is not. Standard procedures such as lumpectomies or mastectomies are impractical because they require general anesthesia, are expensive, and have lengthy recovery times. With cryoablation, carbon dioxide gas freezes a probe that kills tumor cells, and insertion of this probe requires only local anesthesia, greatly reducing the cost and time of recovery. This treatment is a promising option for women in desperate need.
Ultrasonic and Ultra-Fast Relief
Over 1.4 million people in the United States suffer from inflammatory bowel disease. Rectal delivery of medication can be an effective treatment but must be retained for hours or even overnight for greatest efficacy, something that is often impossible for patients. SuonoCalm is a device designed to deliver a wide range of medications directly into tissue using low-frequency ultrasound. Tests have shown superior drug absorption, and it takes just one minute.
Building a Better Prosthetic
Freedom from a disability — that’s the power of a prosthetic. However, this freedom can be expensive as prosthetics are often specifically tailored and built for one patient at a time. Nonspec’s adjustable prosthetic system uses standard, mass-producible components that are easily customized to each wearer, and can also “grow” with a child over time. These production innovations could make life-changing prosthetics available and affordable to people in developing nations.
Rolosense is an entirely new class of DNA machine that turns chemical energy into rolling motion. This molecular vehicle carries a bead just five microns in diameter at speeds 1,000 times faster than previous motors. The speed of the bead through a sample can indicate the presence of a single gene variation or detect a variety of molecules such as lead using a smartphone application. This could make advanced testing for disease and contaminants more efficient in remote areas when it’s needed most.