Born September 4, 1870 – May 23, 1960
Patent #: 1,189,664
French industrial chemist Georges Claude invented neon tubing.
Born in Paris, France, he studied at École de Physique et Chinie,
before graduating in 1886. He used his education in chemistry and began
experimenting with noble gases, trying to find practical uses for them.
Having discovered that neon was sensitive to electricity and would glow
if enough voltage was delivered through it, Claude worked to put neon in
glass tubes with sufficient purity to allow electrodes at each end to
use electricity to illuminate the neon. After a successful display at
the Paris Art Show on 1910, Claude conceived the idea of bending glass
tubing in order to form letters, developing the first neon sign.