John Moses Browning
Born January 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926
Breech-Loading Fire Arm
Patent #: 220,271
John Browning advanced the gun industry during the late 19th and early 20th
centuries by designing pioneering, commercially successful guns, including
the lever-action repeating rifle, semi-automatic shotgun, .22 caliber rifle,
the Browning 1919 .30 caliber and M2 .50 caliber machine guns (MGs), and the
Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR). Over thirty million modern weapons are based
on his designs.
Born in Ogden, Utah, Browning worked in his father’s shop, creating
his first rifle from scrap iron at thirteen. In 1879, Browning received
his first patent for his breech-loading, single-shot rifle, selling the
design to the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.