George Mortimer Pullman
Born March 3 1831 – Died October 19 1897
Improvement in Sleeping
George Pullman improved the comfort of rail travel at a time when it was America’s most important form of transportation. The traveling public, weary of cramped and uncomfortable sleeping accommodations, was so enthusiastic about the Pullman car that railroads made structural changes to bridges and platforms to accommodate its size.
Pullman was born in Brocton, New York. Schooled until age fourteen, he learned cabinet making, moved buildings, and ran successful business ventures in gold-rush Colorado before returning east, to Chicago, in 1863. There, he set about designing an improved sleeping car.