Born Nov 4 1891 - Died Feb 21 1941
Extract Obtainable from the Mammalian Pancreas or from the Related Glands
in Fishes, Useful in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, and a Method
of Preparing It
Isolated, Purified Insulin
Patent Number(s) 1,469,994
Millions of diabetics owe their lives to Frederick Banting's idea and
research. Working with fellow Canadians Charles Best and
Banting determined that insulin was the key to treating diabetes.
After discovering that the absence of insulin is the main factor in
diabetes, they determined that injections of insulin might keep diabetics
alive and developed techniques for extracting, isolating, and administering
Banting was born near Alliston, Ontario, and received a bachelor of
medicine degree from the University of Toronto in 1916. He served as
a military surgeon for the next two years in England and France, where
he sustained serious shrapnel wounds. He returned to Canada, establishing
a surgical practice in London, Ontario and serving as a medical demonstrator
at the University of Western Ontario. Stimulated to research by the
death of a childhood friend to diabetes, he conceived a technique to
isolate the anti diabetic component of the pancreas. He returned to
the University of Toronto in 1921 o conduct experiments on the pancreas.
In 1923, Banting was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
He was knighted by King George in 1934 and was elected a Fellow of the
American College of Physicians and an honorary Member of the Royal College
of Surgeons and the Royal College of Physicians.