Born Aug 18 1932
Human Immunodeficiency Viruses Associated With Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome (AIDS), A Diagnostic Method for AIDS and Pre-AIDS, and a Kit
HIV Virus Isolation and Diagnosis
Patent Number(s) 4,708,818
Dr. Luc Montagnier is best known for his 1983 discovery of the Human
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which has been identified as the cause
of AIDS. This discovery led directly to the development of a test for
detecting the presence of HIV in blood samples.
In the years before the onset of the AIDS epidemic, Montagnier's significant
discoveries concerning the nature of viruses contributed to the understanding
of how viruses can alter the genetic information of host organisms,
facilitating cancer research. His investigation of interferon, one of
the body's defenses against viruses, also opened avenues for medical
cures for viral diseases.
Montagnier was born in Chabris, France. He received his license of sciences
from the University of Paris in 1955, earning his doctorate in 1960.
Montagnier became research director of the Centre National de la Recherche
Scientifique (CNRS) in 1974 and in 1985 professor at the Pasteur Institute.
He is the co-founder of the World Foundation for AIDS Research and
Prevention and co directs the Program for International Viral Collaboration.
He has received more than 20 major awards, including the Commandeur
de la Legion d'Honneur, the Lasker Prize, and the Gairdner Prize.